Friday, September 19, 2014

SMITH: Abolition of teacher tenure

By MICHAEL A. SMITH, Insight Kansas | 4/18/2014

Earlier this month, the Kansas Legislature jumped into a heated, national debate: teacher tenure.

Challenging tenure and the unions that defend it has been the subject of academic research, recent books, popular films like “Freedom Writers” and “Waiting for Superman,” and advocacy from nonprofits including the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and Kansas City’s Kauffman Foundation.

Earlier this month, the Kansas Legislature jumped into a heated, national debate: teacher tenure.

Challenging tenure and the unions that defend it has been the subject of academic research, recent books, popular films like “Freedom Writers” and “Waiting for Superman,” and advocacy from nonprofits including the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and Kansas City’s Kauffman Foundation.

Unfortunately, the Kansas Legislature is doing it all wrong.

Consider the following quote from a recent Wichita Eagle story: “the office of House Speaker Ray Merrick, R-Stilwell, conceded it had given Republican lawmakers and the news media misinformation in a statement claiming to clear up misinformation surrounding the controversial bill.”

Say what?

The Legislature repealed tenure so quickly, they do not appear to know what is in their own bill. Merrick and allies had to issue a retraction, because they had argued that the law will still protect teachers from being fired without cause or appeal. Turns out, they were wrong. Tenure repeal was one of several amendments added to a school-funding bill during two days of frantic, late-night sessions a few weeks ago.

No question, tenure reform is a hot topic in states with large, high-poverty, big city districts. Filmmakers have popularized anti-union advocates like Michelle Rhee, former superintendent of the Washington, DC schools. Like the movies, Rhee depicts big-city school districts as dysfunctional, rigid bureaucracies, where strict union contracts defensively protect teachers, even at the cost of shooting down innovation. Public school defenders like scholar Diane Ravitch fight back, using data to show that the biggest problem facing urban schools is the students’ poverty, not unions. Ravitch also argues that today’s fad of judging teachers by their students’ standardized test scores is a poor and ineffective way to assess good teaching.

The whole debate touches our border. Some want the state of Missouri to take over the Kansas City schools, allow students to transfer to neighboring districts in the state, and even make every school in the district a privately-managed charter school. Unions and their allies counter that the charter schools produce mixed results at best, that district is improving, and that they need a little more time.

That said, Kansas is not Kansas City, Mo. Nor is it Long Beach or New York City, the sites of the true stories behind “Freedom Writers” and “Waiting for Superman,” respectively. I have several friends who teach in big-city schools. Many advocate tenure reform and remain wary of unions. Yet, most Kansas students attend either suburban or rural schools. Many suburban ones are thriving, while rural schools already exist in an anti-union environment, struggling just to find money to pay teachers more than subsistence-level salaries. They are a world away from the massive, intractable bureaucracies depicted in the movies.

The Legislature’s fix is crude, ill-considered, and out of place. If the governor signs this bill, teachers could be fired for failing popular student-athletes, or teaching controversial, but true facts about science or human sexuality. The woes of urban school districts in other states cannot justify what the Legislature did here.

Michael A. Smith is an associate professor in the political science department at Emporia State University and a member of the “Insight Kansas” writing group.

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